Itaipu Binacional

  • Integration that generates energy and development

    Integration that
    generates energy
    and development

    The company

    Itaipu Binacional is the result of a partnership between the governments of Brazil and Paraguay. The company started in 1974. Its mission was to build and operate the Itaipu hydropower plant, the largest in the world by then.

    The plant is located at the Paraná River, the border between the two countries. It is the single plant that has generated the most energy in history, with more than 2.8 billion Megawatts-hour since it started operating, in 1984.

    But the company does not only generate electricity. Since its inception, Itaipu Binacional has followed sustainable development principles as reflected by its integrated environmental, social, and economic initiatives that promote prosperity in both countries.

    The Company
    The Company 2
    The Company 3
    The Company
    • The construction

      The dam’s construction took place from 1975 to 1982 and employed 40,000 Brazilian and Paraguayan workers at its peak. The dam’s conclusion allowed the formation of the reservoir, and Itaipu kick-started the operation Mymba Kuera, which rescued more than 36,000 wild animals.

      Then, the assembling of electro-mechanical parts started. By 1992, the plant was already operating the first 18 generating units conceived on the original blueprint. Two more units were added in 2007 and the plant reached its full capacity, with 20 units of 700 Megawatts each.

      The construction
      The construction 2
      The construction 2
      The Construction
    • Legal nature

      Itaipu is an international entity directly created by the Treaty between Brazil and Paraguay on April 26, 1973. Previously, both countries had already signed the Act of Iguaçú, agreeing to explore the Paraná River to generate hydropower, cooperatively.

      That’s why Itaipu is not only the result of civil and electrical engineering, but also viewed as a diplomatic achievement that solved border disputes between Brazil and Paraguay that had been discussed for over a century.

      Therefore, Itaipu is considered a benchmark for international partnerships, for it peacefully ended border issues and, at the same time, generated economic, social, and environmental benefits for two nations.

    • Mission

      To generate quality electrical energy via socially and environmentally responsible practices, fostering sustainable economic, tourist and technological development in Brazil and Paraguay.

    • Vision

      To be a modern binational entity, collaborative and committed to regional integration, recognized for its excellence in generating clean and renewable energy and for its contribution to the sustainable development of Paraguay and Brazil.

    • Supervisory Board and Directors Board

      The governments of Brazil and Paraguay are responsible for appointing the Itaipu Binacional Executive Board of Directors. Each position allotted to a country has its counterpart on the opposite side.

      In addition to the Executive Board of Directors, Itaipu has a Supervisory Board with twelve members, six from Brazil and six from Paraguay, and one representative from each country’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

      Supervisory Board Supervisory
    • Financial statements

      Here you can find the Annual Financial Statements of Itaipu Binacional.
      Just click on the year to open the file in PDF format.

    The powerplant

    Itaipu is a world leader in the production of clean and renewable energy

    The hydropower plant belongs equally to Brazil and Paraguay, and each country owns half of the electricity produced.

    There are 20 generating units of 700 Megawatts each, which comprise 14,000 Megawatts of installed capacity. Ten units operate in 50 Hertz, the utility frequency in Paraguay. The other 10 operate in 60 Hertz, the frequency used in Brazil.

    Itaipu provides around 90% of the electricity consumed in Paraguay and 10% in Brazil. It is the single plant that has produced the most energy in history: more than 2.8 million Gigawatts-hour since 1984, enough to supply the world for 45 days.

    Since 2012, the plant has had a management system designed to improve its efficiency by making the most of all water that reaches the reservoir.

    103.1 GWh

    Best annual output (2016)

    20

    Generating units

    76,3 GWh

    Annual output (2020)

    7.9 Km

    Length of the dam

    14 GW

    Installed capacity

    196 m

    Maximum height of the dam

    The reservoir

    Icon

    Itaipu’s reservoir extends for 170 km along the Paraná River, the border between Brazil and Paraguay

    The artificial lake serves multiple uses besides energy generation, such as water supply, agriculture, fish production, tourism, and wildlife conservation.

    Itaipu promotes a series of initiatives that aim to ensure the quantity and quality of water in the reservoir in the long term. One of the main ones is the conservation of 100 thousand hectares of the Atlantic Forest that surround it, in both margins.

    This green infrastructure – designated as Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO – provides various ecosystem services, including benefits for food production, one of the main economic activities in the nearby territory. Itaipu also promotes the recovery of nearby watersheds in partnership with municipalities and the communities.

    1,350 km²

    Water surface

    29
    billion

    Volume of water

    100,000 ha

    Protected forests

    5.9
    million
    Tons

    Of CO2 annual fixation by forest biomass

    500

    Micro watersheds recovered

    42

    Stations of environmental monitoring

    ESG Estrategy

    Icon

    Environmental care and social responsibility are essential commitments linked to Itaipu’s strategic planning

    The company’s mission highlights the importance of sustainable development as the sine qua non of clean and renewable energy generation for Brazil and Paraguay.

    These commitments translated into policies and practices that promote ecosystems conservation and the well-being of the population. In Brazil, these actions take place in the western region of Paraná, and Mato Grosso do Sul states. In Paraguay, they have national coverage and benefit different regions of the country.

    Within the social dimension of sustainable development, activities by Itaipu are designed to help to reduce poverty, increase food security, nutrition, and health, foster better education, and promote income. The company also acts on promoting tourism and improving the infrastructure at the border region.

    ESG Estrategy
    ESG Estrategy 2
    ESG Estrategy 2
    Environmental care and social
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    2

    New bridges between Brazil and Paraguay

    24 million

    Visitors to Itaipu since 1977

    10,000

    Families of farmers assisted

    2

    Public hospitals supported

    300

    Programs benefitting indigenous communities

    2,000 km

    Of rural road improvements

    The 2030 Agenda

    The 2030 Agenda The 2030 Agenda

    Itaipu partnered with the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) to promote water and energy sustainably. One of the results is the Sustainable Water and Energy Solutions Network, a multi-stakeholder initiative with organizations from around the world to promote an integrated approach to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 6 (water) and 7 (energy) and their interlinkages with the other SDGs that are part of the 2030 Agenda.

    As a technical product of this partnership, Itaipu published 17 case studies responding to the 17 SDGs. This collection offers a broad view of Itaipu’s contribution to sustainable development in Brazil and Paraguay. Not only with the generation of clean and renewable energy but also with environmental and social initiatives. It’s also possible to download a synthesis report with the main actions related to each SDG.

    Itaipu’s 17 Case Studies Responding to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals

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    • Slider Visitas 1
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    Visit Itaipu

    The border between Brazil and Paraguay has several tourist attractions, including natural wonders, such as the Iguaçu and the Monday falls.

    Aware of the region’s potential, Itaipu promotes a series of initiatives to attract tourists worldwide and to enhance the quality of local infrastructure and services. The promotion of tourism is also part of Itaipu’s mission as a way for the company to promote the economy sustainably.

    And Itaipu is a tourist attraction itself, offering different options of tours in both margins.

    Click here to visit Itaipu in the Brazilian margin Click here to visit Itaipu in the Paraguayan margin

    For institutional visits, such as universities, governments, and other organizations, see the contact info session at the bottom of the page.

    • Slider Visitas 1
    • Slider Visitas 2
    • Slider Visitas 3

    Visit Itaipu

    The border between Brazil and Paraguay has several tourist attractions, including natural wonders, such as the Iguaçu and the Monday falls.

    Aware of the region’s potential, Itaipu promotes a series of initiatives to attract tourists worldwide and to enhance the quality of local infrastructure and services. The promotion of tourism is also part of Itaipu’s mission as a way for the company to promote the economy sustainably.

    And Itaipu is a tourist attraction itself, offering different options of tours in both margins.

    Click here to visit Itaipu in the Brazilian margin Click here to visit Itaipu in the Paraguayan margin

    For institutional visits, such as universities, governments, and other organizations, see the contact info session at the bottom of the page.

    Awards and Acknowledgment

    UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
    2019

    UNESCO Biosphere Reserve

    UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
    2019

    UNESCO Biosphere Reserve

    Itaipu’s protected areas in Brazil gained the status of Biosphere Reserve in 2019 – a title already obtained by the areas of the company’s Paraguayan margin, in 2017. The territory is considered as a core zone of the Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve by the Program “Man and the Biosphere” (MaB) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (Unesco).

    UNWTO Awards for Excellence and Innovation in Tourism
    2016

    UNWTO Awards for Excellence and Innovation in Tourism

    UNWTO Awards for Excellence and Innovation in Tourism
    2016

    UNWTO Awards for Excellence and Innovation in Tourism

    In the UNWTO Awards for Excellence and Innovation in tourism, the Itaipu Tourist Complex won the UNWTO Award for Innovation in Research and Technology (13 countries participated in the competition in four categories with 16 projects).

    UN-Water Water for Life
    2015

    UN-Water Water for Life

    UN-Water Water for Life
    2015

    UN-Water Water for Life

    The environmental program Cultivando Água Boa (Cultivating Good Water), developed by Itaipu in partnership with 29 municipalities, received UN recognition as the best management of water resources. Cultivando Água Boa competed with 40 initiatives from all continents and won 1st place in the “Best practices in water management” category, in the 5th edition of the Water for Life Award, in 2015.

    Benchmarking Brasil
    2007, 2011, 2012
    2014, 2016, 2017

    Benchmarking Brasil

    Benchmarking Brasil
    2016

    Benchmarking Brasil

    Itaipu was awarded several times in the Brazilian Benchmarking Ranking. In 2017, with the Medicinal Plants program. In 2016, with the Biodiversity, Our Heritage program; in 2007, with the Cultivando Água Boa (Cultivating Good Water) program; in 2011, with the Sustainable Rural Development program; and in 2012, with the Watershed Management case. In 2016, it ranked first in the “Indicators” category. In 2013, it was ranked second with the Sustainability of Indigenous Communities program. In 2014, it was among the 20 best with an initiative on cooperative recycling. And, in 2012, it led the ranking of best social-environmental practices in 10 years of the Benchmarking award.

    LIFE Certificate
    2015

    LIFE Certificate

    LIFE Certificate
    2016

    LIFE Certificate

    Itaipu Binacional is the third company in Brazil to receive the Life Certification, a methodology that assesses the effectiveness of the environmental management system of the company and actions for biodiversity conservation.

    UNITAR Americas Award
    2011

    UNITAR Americas Award

    UNITAR Americas Award
    2011

    UNITAR Americas Award

    The Cultivando Água Boa (Cultivating Good Water) Program won the Americas Award as an example of excellence in environmental sustainability. The award is granted by the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), in partnership with the International Training Centre for Local Actors for Latin America (CIFAL) – Atlanta, United States.

    Partnerships

    Undesa
    Unesco
    SMITHSONIAN

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